Sanhedrin and the Anti Christ

28 02 2007

Article: Present-day Sanhedrin court seeks to revive ancient Temple rituals

Jesus was led before the Sanhredin (Matthew 26:57-68). Who are the Sanhredin? They are a group of Jewish priests who are charged with the duties of recognizing the Messiah, however they failed to recognize Jesus 2000 years ago, and they will again fail to do so in future. However, the news in the article is a significant step in God’s time in history, when they will recognize ‘the messiah’ who is the Anti Christ. This reinstitution of the body of Sanhredin in Israel is not a mistake, nor a coincidence, but an important milestone in the impending return of Christ.

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28 02 2007
joe

Religious Leaders

A. Pharisees

1. Origin – The Pharisees (“separated ones”) were spirited descendants of the Hasidim, those Jews that separated themselves from the corruption of Hellenistic culture. Pharisees originated after the Maccabean Revolt of 168 B.C.

2. Beliefs

a. Accepted both the written law and the oral law. When the oral law was eventually recorded, it was known as Mishnah. This, plus the commentary which was added, comprised the Talmud.

b. Very strict interpreters of the law.

c. Believed in the resurrection of the dead.

They are shown as Jesus’ bitter opponents in the New Testament (Matthew 23). They are synonymous with hypocrisy and legalism.

4. Two major groups of Pharisees:

a. Those who were very strict in the law — led by teachings of Rabbi Shammai.

b. Those who were more liberal in their interpretation -led by the Rabbi Hillel.(2)

B. Sadducees

1. Sadducees means “righteous ones”(3)

2. Origin – heirs of the Intertestamental Hasmoneans (politically minded group who controlled Israel between 142 and 37 B.C.). “The aristocratic and politically minded supporters of the Hasmonean priesthood became the Sadducees.” (Gundry, p. 8)

3. Beliefs:

a They practiced a literal reading of the Torah and rejected the oral Law.

b. They did not share the Pharisee’s belief in a coming judgment, resurrection, angels, or demons (Mark 12:18, Acts 23:8).

4. Role:

a Priests who officiated Temple ceremonies.

b. According to Josephus, the Sadducees seem to have been the mediators between the Jews and Romans during Roman occupation. They stood to lose the most when dews revolted against Rome..

c. Sadducees dominated the Sanhedrin.

C. Essenes

Origin – The Essenes evolved from the Hasidim (not unlike the Pharisees) who were against the purposes of the Hasmoneans. They believed the Hasmonean priesthood (Sadducees) had defiled the Temple.
Importance – After the Dead Sea Scroll discovery in 1947, scholars began finding parallels between Essenes beliefs and practices and those of early Christianity. Both regarded themselves as the “New Israel.”
They refused to accept the priesthood of the Sadducees and substituted their own ritual. Their communal meal of bread and wine perhaps anticipated the Lord’s Supper.
Lifestyle Some Essenes lived in towns and raised families. Others lived in desert communities and were monastic. The New Testament is silent on the Essenes. Their absence in Scripture may be because they were no longer an identifiable group during Jesus’ day.
D. Zealots

Definition – Those Jews that were known for their passionate commitment to Jewish religious and political freedom
Purpose – They were dedicated to evicting the Romans from Palestine.
Simon, one of Jesus’ disciples, was called a zealot (Luke 6:15, Acts 1:13). Josephus, the Jewish Historian suggested the zealots’ blind nationalism forced the Jews on a suicidal mission.
E. Scribes

Definition: Professional teachers/lawyers who preserved and interpreted the Mosaic Law.
Often associated with the Pharisees ~ New Testament writings. Most were probably Pharisees during New Testament times.
Often would quote past Rabbis to lend weight to their interpretations.
Scribes were the theological experts of their day.(4)

———-
Will the majority of today’s religious leaders of Christendom fail once again to recognize Jesus, but will instead embrace the “false messiah”/peace maker with open arms?

Mat25.13 Watch therefore, for ye know neither the day nor the hour wherein the Son of man cometh.

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